Cholesterol is one of the main building materials of the body and as well a component of cell membranes, nervous tissue, vitamin D, hormones, and other structures. Only 20% of this substance consumes with food, the body itself produces another 80%. Cholesterol can have both positive and negative properties. For example, if it is a part of high-density lipoproteins, it can cleanse arteries, improve metabolism, and reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. If it is part of low-density lipoproteins is potentially dangerous, because tends to accumulate and settle on the blood vessels walls, provoking the formation of plaques that impede normal blood flow. The level of health risk depends on the amount of high and low-density lipoproteins.
What is the normal cholesterol level?
The concentration of “good” cholesterol (HDL) in the body of a healthy person should not be about 1 mol/l for men and 1.3 mol/l for women. “Harmful” (LDL) one should not be more than 1.8 mol/l. For diabetics and hypertensive patients, LDL should not exceed 2.5 mol/l.
What is hypercholesterolemia?
Hypercholesterolemia is the result of excessive accumulation of low-density lipoproteins in the body. By itself, this condition is not a disease, but rather a laboratory indicator that signals of a problem.
What are the causes of hypercholesterolemia?
A factor in the development of this pathology is most often the abuse of high-calorie foods (especially with fat). Also, the reason of hypercholesterolemia may be such as:
Who is at risk?
What are the symptoms of hypercholesterolemia?
Symptoms such as high blood pressure, excess weight, periodic dizziness, the appearance of yellow spots under the eyes, joint pain, and heaviness in the legs during physical exertion, even minor ones, may indicate a pathological increase in cholesterol levels. Accumulation of cholesterol occurs completely asymptomatic that is very dangerous. Therefore, it is necessary to control this indicator with the help of regular tests in order to treat the problem in time. Good news – in many cases, hypercholesterolemia is successfully corrected.
How to control cholesterol levels?
To keep the indicator under control will help “lipid profile” – this is an analysis that allows you to determine the concentration in the blood of all types of cholesterol. This procedure is required for all healthy people over 35 years of age every two years. However, patients belonging to risk groups (including in whose families there are patients with vascular diseases) are recommended to be examined annually.
What is the threat of hypercholesterolemia?
If you do not monitor the level of cholesterol or ignore its increase, complex cardiovascular diseases may develop in the future:
As well, hypercholesterolemia can lead to the development of hypertension, hepatic and renal failure, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, lower limb disease (thrombophlebitis, or varicose veins).
How to normalize cholesterol?
Patients with hypercholesterolemia are prescribed treatment with special medication that decreases blood cholesterol levels – statins. In addition to medication, they are advised to forget about smoking and limit the use of alcoholic beverages. In nutrition, it is advised to adhere to a strict diet: refuse fried foods and foods high in fat and instead focus on vitamins and fiber. It is advisable to replace meat products with fish ones. In addition to the listed activities, regular physical activity is an important component of health recovery.
However, traditional therapy does not always completely normalize cholesterol levels. In this case, an innovative method comes to the rescue – clinical trials. A patient diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia can take part in the clinical research program at the Healthy&Happy Medical Clinical Research Center and get free access to diagnostic procedures and the most modern medicines of well-known pharmaceutical companies in the world. The effectiveness and safety of the drugs involved in testing have been proven by numerous checks, moreover, before joining the program, the patient signs an “informed consent” – a document that introduces him to all the nuances of the medicines and the procedures in the program. Patients have the possibility to terminate participation in the trial at any time.
Who can participate in the trial?
Patients over 18 y.o. with a high risk of cardiovascular diseases who are taking medicines- rosuvastatin, atorvastatin or simvastatin, but do not have stable cholesterol-lowering from the treatment – can take part in the “Hypercholesterolemia Treatment Program” at Healthy&Happy.
Patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease are those who have:
Benefits of the Clinical Research Program at Healthy&Happy
The Medical Clinical Research Center LDC Healthy&Happy offers patients with hypercholesterolemia to receive a complex of diagnostic services and access to the most modern treatment for free. As part of the program, you will be able to:
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Get a detailed examination of the heart by ECG
Get advice from highly qualified specialists
Make screenings in a European-level laboratory
Take part in trials of innovative medical products of world brands
(medicines to lower blood cholesterol - rosuvastatin and atorvastatin)